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Chauri Chaura is situated in Lat. 26 Degree 38' N. and Long. 83 Degree 35' E. on the State highway between Gorakhpur and Deoria, 26 km. from Gorakhpur. It has a railway station which is 25 km. south-east of the Gorakhpur railway junction. Prior...Read More
Chauri Chaura incident happened on 4 February 1922 when the crowd of people consisting of volunteers of Indian National Congress as well as Khilafat Movementwho were together participating in the Non-co-operation movement started by Mahatma Gandhi.
On the fateful day, approximately 2000 to 3000 protesters had gathered to picket the liquor shop at the local market in Chauri Chaura. One of their leaders was arrested and was some crowd was also protesting and for release of their leader in front of police station. Armed police were dispatched to control the situation while the crowd marched toward the market and started shouting anti-government slogans. In an attempt to frighten and disperse the crowd, the police fired warning shots into the air but this only agitated the crowd who began pelting the police with stones. With the situation getting out of control, the sub inspector ordered the police to open fire on the advancing crowd, killing three and wounding several others. Reports vary on the reason for the police retreat with some claiming that the police ran out of ammunition while others claim that fear of the crowd 's unexpectedly courageous and angry reaction to the gunfire were the cause but whatever the case, in the ensuing chaos, the heavily outnumbered police fell back to the shelter of the police chowki while the angry mob advanced. Infuriated, the crowd took revenge by setting the chowki ablaze, killing the 21 or 22 officers trapped inside.